About Halifax, Nova Scotia
We'd like to introduce you to the exciting variety of sights, attractions and people that make up the Halifax region. Nature has blessed this area with sandy beaches, rugged shorelines and colorful gardens. This fine location was the site of the first British town in Canada, founded in 1749. Since then, the area has evolved to be home for a diverse mix of people. Charming fishing villages, farming communities and Atlantic Canada's largest city awaits you.
In the heart of the downtown you'll find art galleries, museums, historic sites and churches, shopping, sidewalk cafés and friendly nightclubs. Lively pubs and livelier entertainment and a nightlife that doesn't quit, spectacular shows, first class sporting events, riveting live theatre on both sides of the harbour, scrumptious dining and non-stop fun are the ticket to an exhiliarating Halifax experience.
If you seek peaceful nature scenes, head out of the downtown for nearby communities offering hiking, camping, and bird watching. Let yourself be romanced by the sea. Everyone is drawn to the ocean - the crisp tang of salt air, fresh breezes, and an ever-changing panorama of colour and light. Everyone should experience the pleasure of a broad sandy beach, the awesome power of waves crashing against a rocky shore, or the simple pleasure of beachcombing for unexpected treasures from the sea. Stroll our boardwalks and see ships from around the world, watch fishermen at their timeless tasks or sail or kayak among the many islands of our beautiful bays
Throughout the year you can enjoy music festivals, live theatre, outdoor concerts, symphony performances and good old fashioned Celitc ceilidhs. Our community loves to get together for festivals, church suppers and craft fairs. And we want you to join us.
The Halifax Citadel.
The present Citadel, completed in 1856, is the fourth in a series of forts since 1749 to occupy the hill overlooking the harbour. It is an excellent example of a 19th-century bastion fortification complete with defensive ditch, ramparts, musketry gallery, powder magazine and signal masts. Although never attacked, the fort was garrisoned by the British Army until 1906 and by Canadian Forces during the First and Second World Wars.
The fourth Citadel was established to guard against a land-based attack from the United States. This massive, star-shaped, masonry fortification took 28 years to build. Constructed originally as a smoothbore fortification, the Citadel quickly became obsolete with the introduction of powerful rifled guns in the 1860s. In response to the rapidly changing times, the Citadel upgraded its armaments and for the first time could defend the harbour as well as the land approach because the new artillery fired heavier shells a greater distance and with more accuracy.
The major role for the Citadel after the turn of the century was to provide barrack accommodations and act as a command centre for other harbour defences. When the Second World War broke out in 1939, the Citadel was used as a temporary barracks for troops going overseas and as the centre for anti-aircraft operations for Halifax. The Citadel was the "last view of the country for so many thousands outward bound and the first landmark to those who returned."
Today, the Citadel is operated by Parks Canada and is recognized as one of the most important historic sites in Canada. Restored to the mid-Victorian period with a living history program featuring the 78th Highland Regiment, the Royal Artillery, Soldier's Wives and Civilian Tradespersons, a visit to the Citadel is an educational and enjoyable heritage experience. Guided tours, an audio-visual presentation and modern exhibits communicate the historical themes of the Citadel's commemoration as nationally significant in Canadian history.