All About Montreal
Montreal is full of places and things to discover. Whether you are with your family, a group or alone. The city is full of things to see and do. One of the most visited places is the Casino Montreal with a multitude of entertainment and dining options. Be sure to take in The Montreal Botanical Gardens with its collection of 22,000 plant species and cultivars, 10 exhibition greenhouses, some thirty thematic gardens, and teams of researchers and activities staff, the Montreal Botanical Garden ranks as one of the worlds largest and most spectacular botanical gardens. No matter what the season, visitors to the Montreal Botanical Garden are sure to be captivated by the colors and fragrances from around the world as they wander from the delightful Chinese Garden to the heart of the Sonoran desert, from the peaceful oasis of the Japanese Garden to the classically designed French garden or the woodlands of the Laurentians.
Explore the history. When it was first founded,Montreal was defended by fortified structures. As early as 1688, the colonial administration urged its inhabitants to build a large number of small forts,houses, fortified mills and redoubts outworks or fieldworks without flanking defences. The first stockade, made of wood,was erected between 1687 and 1689. Louis XIV gave his consent to build a stone fortification in 1712, and construction began in 1716.
The new stone ramparts, built between 1717 and 1738, were a symbol of authority and a guarantee of security, which both had a positive impact on the economy of Montreal. In 1744, as war loomed, improvements were made. The ramparts were designed according to the rules of fortification, the construction art that takes the topography of the site into account. Since Montreal is situated on relatively flat land, it was easy to apply the principle of flanking, which requires that all parts of the fortified wall be in the defenders’ full view.This strategy was intended to protect the city from the greatest threat to its security: a standard siege from a large military troop pulling small artillery.
The citys port operations were crucial to the fascinating saga of Montreals development–a fact acknowledged by the current Old Port areas inclusion in the historic district of Old Montreal. Because the Lachine Rapids blocked further upstream navigation on the St. Lawrence River, the city was born and flourished at this natural shipping breakpoint. From that point on literally the port itself, the Lachine Canal (which opened in 1825 and allowed ships to bypass the rapids) and rail transportation made Montreal a bustling hub of commerce and trade between the North American continent and the rest of the world, and the pivotal point in an integrated transportation network moving both people and cargo and linking the Great Lakes, the interior of an entire, vast continent, and the coasts of two oceans (Atlantic and Pacific). For this role as a hub, Montreal merits the title crucible of modern Canada.
With extensive redevelopment completed in 1992, Montreals Old Port has grown into an animated parkland linking the city and the river, site of myriad artistic, heritage, recreational, nautical and sports activities. Although the areas history as a port dates back to the very founding of the city, the most tangible physical traces of that history reflect the 19th century and, especially, Montreals emergence as a metropolis in the first half of the 20th century. Today, the Old Port is a place for skating (not just in winter), biking, hanging out, going on a cruise, watching frothy waters flow, or just going with the flow a place to slow down and appreciate life in. The area hosts a variety of special events in all seasons, attracting several million visitors annually.
The top ten attraction in Montreal are:
Montreals Old Port
St. Josephs Oratory
La Ronde amusement park
The Botanical Garden and Insectarium
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
PointeŕCalličre Museum of Archaeology
Museum and Notre dame de Bon Secours Chapel